Vaccinations required when travelling to Vietnam and Cambodia
Vaccinations required when travelling to Vietnam and Cambodia
November 26, 2016
Are you going to take a vacation in South East Asia shortly? After doing some research, you may come to a conclusion that a trip to Vietnam and Cambodia will be compelling enough as well as affordable for your budget. You just can’t wait for your upcoming trip but wonder what should be prepared before the journey. You start to read up on your trip, prepare backpacks/suitcases, check your ATM cards, passports etc. but the most important thing for a trip you should not miss out is to get healthy. Healthy travelers will give you an amazing trip without any troublesome or anxiety ruining your wonderful time.
First of all, you need to set an appointment with your local doctor to get his travel health advice around 6-8 weeks in prior to the trip to make sure that you are in good condition for travelling. Also, it’s important to talk to him about what vaccinations you need for Vietnam and Cambodia. Here below are highly recommended vaccines to protect your health in Vietnam and Cambodia.

Advised list: This list is advised for short-term travelers who need protecting from the food and water borne diseases.
o Diphtheria: is a serious disease caused by bacteria. The actual disease is caused when the bacteria releases a toxin, or poison into a person's body. It spreads person to person through respiratory droplets while travelers are in mixing with locals in poor, overcrowded living conditions.
o Hepatitis A: is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis, a virus which can affect anyone. Good personal hygiene and proper sanitation can also help prevent the spread of hepatitis A.
o Tetanus: spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.
o Typhoid: Consumption of contaminated food and drink can cause Typhoid, risk is higher when people cannot access to adequate sanitation and safe water
o Malaria: is transmitted by a night biting mosquito. Malaria infections are characterized by fever, headache, muscle ache, chills, fatigue, and vomiting usually appearing 7 to 15 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Vietnam is endemic for Malaria and the risk of transmission occurs in many regions of the country. Therefore, malaria prophylaxis may need to be strongly considered.

Considered list: In case of staying longer, you should take these vaccines into account.
o Cholera: spread through consumption of contaminated water and food. More common during floods and after natural disasters, in areas with very poor sanitation and lack of clean drinking water.
o Hepatitis B: is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. The virus, which is called hepatitis B virus (HBV), can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death
o Japanese Encephalitis: a bite of a mosquito breeding in rice paddies and mainly bites between dusk and dawn can spread through JE. Insect avoidance should be considered the primary means of defense.
o Rabies: Rabies is a deadly viral infection of the brain transmitted to humans. The disease itself is rare in travelers, but the risk increases with extended travel & the likelihood of animal contact.
The appropriate time to get vaccination should be from four to six weeks prior to leaving. Nevertheless, if you are planning to come to rural areas, it is essential to have earlier consultation from doctors to ensure that you have enough time to get vaccinated.
Travelling to South East Asia particularly in Vietnam and Cambodia is awesome but having a wonderful trip depends much on your health condition; therefore, getting travel information from the countries you intend to visit especially the vaccinations required for those countries is vital. Ultimately, after strengthening your health by being vaccinated, you are ready to backpack around Vietnam and Cambodia.
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